Since hemp’s legalization in 2018, nonintoxicating CBD products have been widely embraced
Cannabidiol (CBD) has been in the news a lot lately, and demand has been growing as people learn more about its properties. But for many considering using CBD, there may be some confusion surrounding the difference between hemp and marijuana, as well as the legality of cannabis products.
What exactly is cannabis? It’s a genus of flowering plants in the Cannabaceae family, which has three primary species:
- Cannabis sativa
- Cannabis indica
- Cannabis ruderalis
Cannabis contains both CBD and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), its well-known psychoactive component, as well as a host of other compounds including terpenes. THC is a psychoactive agent that can directly bind to the CB1 and CB2 receptors in the endocannabinoid system, which can induce a euphoric effect.
Hemp sometimes is mistakenly referred to as a species of cannabis, but it’s actually a variety of Cannabis sativa that contains 0.3% or less THC content by dry weight (marijuana has up to 30% THC). This means that unlike marijuana, hemp isn’t intoxicating.
Some evidence suggests that hemp was cultivated as early as 10,000 years ago, and it has been used to produce clothing, paper, rope, food, building materials, beauty products, and more. Hemp was also revered for its medicinal uses.
Hemp Once Again Legal
Hemp was widely used in America since Colonial days, but in 1937, Congress passed the Marihuana Tax Act, which started imposing taxes and licensing regulations on hemp production. The Controlled Substances Act of 1970 later made all varieties of cannabis illegal to cultivate or sell. That changed in 2018 with the passage of the Agricultural Improvement Act, known as the Farm Bill, which removed hemp’s controlled-substance classification.
The new law makes hemp and hemp-derived products — including hemp-derived CBD — legal agriculture commodities, with the U.S. Department of Agriculture retaining federal authority over the crop. However, marijuana-derived CBD — which has the same molecular structure — is still illegal and is classified as a controlled substance, regardless of its THC content.
Legal hemp is used to produce CBD products, including tinctures and CBD-infused topicals. Crescent Canna products, for example, are all hemp-derived. All of Crescent Canna’s CBD products are independently verified to be 100% free of THC.
The passing of the Farm Bill has led to optimism about the future of the industry, and we expect to see a lot more CBD research, investment, and growth of CBD businesses across the country.
All Crescent Canna products are made from CBD isolate that’s more than 99% pure. It’s extracted from organic, U.S.A.-grown hemp, and is tested by a third-party lab to ensure potency and quality for our customers. We are passionate advocates for the safe use of CBD and follow the latest scientific and legislative developments. Please visit our CBD FAQ for more information, or contact us with questions about our products.